What is Heart Disease?
It is a group of diseases that affect and affect the heart muscle, and include cardiovascular disease, heart rhythm disorders, cardiopathy, cardiac infection, congenital heart defects, and heart valve disease. These diseases are also called “cardiovascular diseases”, due to the close relationship that links heart health to the health of blood vessels in the body.
today we will talk about the most important factors that affect heart health, if you are one of the people interested in this topic, I advise you to continue reading to the last line of the article I know it will impress you.
How obesity damages blood vessels?
Obesity is a predisposition to heart disease because it can increase your cholesterol levels. This results in the accumulation of fats in the arteries.
Hence, it reduces blood flow and leads to the risk of heart attacks. In addition, obesity can lead to diabetes and high blood pressure. Losing some weight can strain your heart a lot.
Some smokers ask me, How does smoking lead to heart disease? , ys I will explain this process that smoking performs.
When you inhale air from the atmosphere, the lungs take in oxygen and deliver it to the heart, which pumps this oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body through the blood vessels.
But when you inhale cigarette smoke, the blood that is distributed to the rest of the body is contaminated with the smoke’s chemicals. So these chemicals can damage your heart and blood vessels, which can lead to cardiovascular disease.
3. High cholesterol in the blood
Cholesterol has two forms: low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein.
The liver produces the biochemicals needed for digestion, as it is a component of all the cells that produce hormones. You can also eat cholesterol from the foods you eat daily.
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is commonly known as the “bad” cholesterol because if you have too much of it, it can build up in the arteries and cause heart disease.
HDL is called “good” cholesterol because it helps return excess cholesterol to the liver. Eating foods rich in LDL, such as rich meat and fatty dairy products, can raise cholesterol levels in the blood.
People with diabetes are more likely to have heart disease. The blood sugar levels of diabetics damage the blood vessels and nerves over time, and this damage ultimately leads to heart attacks.
The hormone insulin allows your body to convert the sugar (glucose) in the blood into energy for your body. If you have diabetes, your body either does not make any insulin or does not produce enough.
This results in high levels of residual glucose in the blood, a condition known as hyperglycemia. Uncontrolled high blood sugar can damage blood vessels, leading to heart disease.
5. Family history
Having a family history of heart disease doubles a person’s risk of having a heart attack.
6.High blood pressure
When blood flow is restricted, the heart muscle is deprived of oxygen, which leads to a heart attack, and the higher the blood pressure, the higher the chances of a heart attack.
Heart attacks occur when a coronary artery narrows due to a gradual build-up of fatty deposits known as atherosclerosis.
And when a piece of fatty material explodes, a blood clot is formed to try to repair this damage to the artery wall, and when the blood clot forms, it can block the coronary artery, which leads to depriving part of the heart muscle of blood and oxygen, and this is when a person has a heart attack.
And many of these risks can be reduced if a person lives a healthy lifestyle. The food they eat can reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke, and exercise is very beneficial.