How is gout affected by diet?
Gout is a type of arthritis associated with high levels of uric acid in the blood. An increased level of uric acid can cause crystals to form in the joints, causing pain and swelling. Uric acid is a natural waste product that consists of breaking down food, especially compounds called purines. It is thought that lowering uric acid levels through small changes in your diet may help reduce the chance of gout attacks in the future.
Can losing weight help gout?
If you are overweight, losing weight can help you lower your uric acid levels and reduce your risk of developing gout attacks.
However, it is important to avoid fasting or a “snooze” diet, as you go without enough food for long periods and lose weight quickly.
This type of diet can increase uric acid levels and trigger a gout attack. Combining healthy, balanced eating with regular physical activity is the best way to lose weight safely. We order from you talk to your doctor or see a dietitian for advice.
Do certain foods cause gout?
There are many misconceptions about the diet for gout. For example, they say it is acidic foods that cause gout. This is not true, there is no evidence to prove that.
Several studies have shown that people with gout are more likely to eat certain foods.
These foods contain high levels of purines, a substance that can be converted into uric acid in the body. Foods rich in purine include:
- meat – particularly red meat and offal, such as liver, kidneys, and heart
- seafood – particularly shellfish, scallops, mussels, herring, mackerel, sardines and anchovies
- foods containing yeast – such as Vegemite and beer.
Should I cut out purine-rich foods?
There is little or no scientific proof that avoiding the purine-rich foods listed above can successfully reduce gout attacks. you’ll miss out on important nutrients and vitamins by completely cutting these foods from your diet.
However, not all purine-rich foods can cause gout., a variety of vegetables (asparagus, mushrooms, cauliflower, and spinach) also are rich in purines but appear less likely to cause gout than diets containing meat and shellfish.
Dairy foods, which may contain purines, actually appear to lower the danger of gout. for many people with gout, a healthy diet is all that’s needed, alongside medicines to scale back uric acid levels.
Most people who take medications to reduce uric acid levels find that they can eat foods rich in purine without attacks of gout by being careful about how much they eat.
Does fructose cause gout?
Fructose may be sugar that’s found in fruits and vegetables. it’s also found in high levels in foods sweetened with syrup, like bread, cereal, soft drinks (not Australian-made soft drinks), and fruit juices.
An American study makes that men who drank five to six servings of fructose-sweetened soft drinks per week were more likely to have gout.
However, there’s no research showing that fructose actually causes gout.
Cutting down the quantity of food artificially sweetened with high fructose syrup could also be beneficial for your overall health. However, present fructose in fruit and vegetables also provides general health benefits and will not be completely avoided without advice from your doctor or dietitian.
Can I drink alcohol?
Drinking alcohol can increase the risk of a gout attack because it can raise the level of uric acid in the blood.
While it is possible to control gout attacks without stopping alcohol intake completely, try to reduce the amount of alcohol you drink and avoid excessive drinking (drinking too much alcohol at one time).
Talk to your doctor or read government guidelines on recommended alcohol intake.
Are some types of alcohol better than others?
It seems that gout attacks are more common in beer and spirits drinkers than in people that drink wine.
Many beers contain large amounts of purines, which may cause elevated uric acid levels within the blood. However, there’s no scientific proof that only certain sorts of alcoholic drinks can cause gout attacks.
Should I drink lots of water?
Dehydration (not drinking enough water) could also be a risk factor for gout although this is often not well proven in research. Drinking 1 – 1.5 liters of fluids each day is suggested for general health benefits.
However if you’re taking diuretics (also referred to as ‘water pills’ or tablets which help the body get obviate water) or have heart or kidney problems, ask your doctor about the proper amount of fluids for you to drink.